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Suggested Readings


  • Bakewell, S. (2016). At the existentialist cafe: Freedom, being, and apricot cocktails. New York: Other Press.
  • Berger, P. & Luckmann, T. (1966). The Social Construction of Reality: A Treatise in the Sociology of Knowledge. New York: Random House
  • Gadamer, H. (1989). Truth and Method. (J. Weinsheimer & D. Marshall, Trans.). New York: Continuum. (Original work published 1960).
  • Gergen, K. (1999). An Invitation to Social Construction. London: Sage.
  • Giorgi, A. (1970). Psychology as a Human Science: A Phenomenologically Based Approach. New York: Harper & Row.
  • Giorgi, A. (Ed.). (1985). Phenomenological and Psychological Research. Pittsburgh: Duquesne University Press.
  • Heidegger, M. (1962). Being and Time (J. Macquarrie & E. Robinson, Trans.). San Francisco: Harper Collins Publishers. (Original work published 1927).
  • Husserl, E. (1970). The Crisis of European Sciences and Transcendental Phenomenology (D. Carr, Trans.). Evanston: Northwestern University Press. (Original work published 1954).
  • Kvale, S. (1996). Interviews: An Introduction to Qualitative Research Interviewing. Thousand Oaks: Sage.
  • Merleau-Ponty, M. (1962). Phenomenology of Perception. (C. Smith, Trans.). London: Routledge. (Original work published 1945).
  • Moran, D. (2000). Introduction to Phenomenology. London: Routledge.
  • Palmer, R. (1969). Hermeneutics: Interpretation Theory in Schleiermacher, Dilthey, Heidegger, and Gadamer. Evanston: Northwestern University Press.
  • Polkinghorne, D. (1983). Methodology for the Human Sciences. Albany: State University of New York.
  • Pollio, H. (1982). Behavior and Existence: An Introduction to Empirical Humanistic Psychology. Belmont: Wadsworth.
  • Pollio, H. R., Henley, T. & Thompson, C. B. (1997). The Phenomenology of Everyday Life. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Thomas, S. P. & Pollio, H. R. (2001). Listening to Patients: A Phenomenological Approach to Nursing Research and Practice. New York: Springer Publishing Company.
  • Valle, R. & Halling, S. (Eds.) (1989). Existential-Phenomenological Perspectives in Psychology: Exploring the Breadth of Human Experience. New York: Plenum Press.

Journal Articles

  • Finlay, L. (2012). Debating phenomenological methods. In N. Friesen, C.

    Henriksson, & T. Saevi (Eds.), Hermeneutic phenomenology in

    education (pp. 17-37). Rotterdam: Sense Publishers.

  • Ashworth, P. (1996). Presuppose Nothing! The Suspension of Assumptions in Phenomenological Psychological Methodology. Journal of Phenomenological Psychology, 27(1), 1-25.
  • Gergen, K. (1973). Social Psychology as History. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 26, 309-320.
  • Giorgi, A. (1992). Description versus Interpretation: Competing Alternative Strategies for Qualitative Research. Journal of Phenomenological Psychology, 23, 119-135.
  • Giorgi, A. (1997). The Theory, Practice, and Evaluation of the Phenomenological Method as a Qualitative Research Procedure. Journal of Phenomenological Psychology, 28, 235-261
  • Hein, S. & Austin, W. (2001). Empirical and Hermeneutic Approaches to Phenomenological Research in Psychology: A Comparison. Psychological Methods, 6, 3-17.
  • Packer, M. (1985). Hermeneutic Inquiry in the Study of Human Conduct. American Psychologist, 40, 1081-1093.